Culture Shock – Practical Tips For Newcomers To Thrive In A New Country

Culture Shock

Moving to a new country to live, study or work can be an exciting adventure, but it can also be challenging. Culture shock is a common experience for immigrants, expatriates, and international students. This article will help you understand the different stages of culture shock and guide you on how to cope with it and thrive in your new environment.

What is Culture Shock

It is the feeling of disorientation and bewilderment when individuals encounter differences in how people live their everyday lives, beliefs, customs, traditions, social standards, and languages. In these unfamiliar surroundings, certain behaviours considered acceptable in one’s home country might be perceived as rude or offensive in the host culture. In many Western cultures, asking for someone’s age is impolite, while in some other countries, it is customary to ask a stranger’s age to use appropriate greetings.

The Stages of Culture Shock

Culture shock unfolds in distinct stages. The first phase is often referred to as the “honeymoon phase.” During this initial period, which usually lasts for the first month, newcomers are excited and curious about the new culture they are exploring. It feels like a never-ending vacation, and everything seems fascinating and enchanting.


However, the second phase, aptly named the “reality phase,” brings a shift in perspective. The harsh realities of daily life in the host country start to surface. Tasks like opening a bank account or taking a driving test can seem overwhelming. Communication barriers and language struggles can leave individuals feeling frustrated and disconnected. Doubts and homesickness may creep in, and the once-alluring destination may lose its charm.


In the third phase, the “adaptation phase,” individuals start to find their footing in the new environment. They gradually adjust to the cultural differences and begin to feel more comfortable. Making friends and expanding social networks play a crucial role in this process. As they gain more experience and understanding of the people and culture, confidence grows, and a sense of belonging emerges.

Coping With Culture Shock

Experiencing culture shock is perfectly normal and should not be feared or avoided. Instead, you should acknowledge it as an essential part of the journey toward integration in a foreign land. Here are some valuable coping strategies for navigating through culture shock:

  • Acknowledge Your Feelings: Acknowledging and accepting the emotions of disorientation and isolation accompanying culture shock is essential. This self-awareness allows individuals to understand their feelings better and manage them more effectively. When feeling overwhelmed, take a deep breath and step back to observe your emotions and the events that trigger them. Identify which situations make you feel uncomfortable or stressed and why. For instance, you may feel socially isolated at work because you struggle to initiate conversations with your colleagues naturally. This self-reflection is the first step towards understanding your emotions and their causes, which can help you find a solution later.
  • Cultivate Positivity: Remember that culture shock is only a temporary phase. With time and effort, you will be able to adapt and overcome any obstacles that come your way. Maintaining a positive attitude can help you navigate difficult moments and sustain motivation. You can make local friends, join newcomer communities or volunteer at your local church or school. Spend time exploring the cities and learning how local people think, talk and work. This practice will help you figure out your strategies to adapt and thrive.
  • Be Patient and Give Yourself Time: Each person’s journey is unique, and there is no fixed timeline for adjusting to a new culture. It’s important to avoid comparing yourself to others and instead focus on adapting at your own pace. Celebrating small successes can help you stay motivated. For example, successfully introducing yourself to three new people at a job fair event or handling a customer complaint without your supervisor’s help are great achievements. If needed, you can always seek support from settlement organizations for newcomers in your community.
  • Embrace the Experience: Take advantage of the opportunity to learn and grow from the challenges you face when moving to a new country. This period of cultural adjustment can be a chance for self-discovery and personal development. Remember that when you decide to move abroad, you’re stepping out of your comfort zone. So, embrace the challenges and use them as an opportunity to grow and gain valuable experiences that you’ll be proud of.
Academic skills for success. Overcome culture shock

In conclusion, culture shock is an integral part of moving to a new country. By understanding the stages of culture shock and implementing effective coping strategies, individuals can navigate this transition successfully. Embracing the experience with an open mind and a positive attitude can lead to a rewarding and enriching cultural immersion and self-growth journey. Remember, it’s all about embracing the unknown and embracing change. Happy journeying!


For those in need of additional support during their cultural transition, the following books can be valuable resources:

You can also learn more about culture shock and suggestions for ways of coping with any drastic changes and moving challenges on these government’s official websites:


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